Words and usage (I found) for worship in Scripture (KJV)

Edited (with correction of the related noun latreia for the verb latreuō in the preface) and expanded 1-2417


Words for worship as found in the New Testament

Words for worship as found in the Old Testament



A common linguistic argument by Catholics asserts that since Catholics do not offer latria [latreia] to the Mother of Jesus, then they cannot be accused of Mariolatry. However, this word only occurs 5 times, all as denoting worship of God, and if the absence of this word means no worship is taking place, then no one worshiped Christ, since latreia is not used in direct reference to worship of the Lord Jesus (proskuneō usually being what is used, and latreuō only in Rv. 22:3). However, latreia is not the only one that is used for worship, and refraining from using that word does mean one is not engaging in worship. The word latria means to serve, coming from the word latreuō, used in describing service toward God even as to "serve the tabernacle" (Heb 13:10) and those who did so, and thus it is also used to describe pagan worship. (Acts 7:42; Romans 1:25) Rather than simply denying that one is engaging in worship because they do not use latria for their devotion, worship is to be determined by manner of devotion one is engaging in. And which includes the nature of attribution given to the object.

The English word "worship" is derived from Old English worthscipe, meaning "worthiness," and which can be used toward man, but when such worthiness is that of attributes, praise, and adulation which are nowhere given to to created beings, but to God alone, then one is indeed engaging in worship, regardless of what word one uses to describe it. And such is too often the case regarding the Mary of Catholicism, in both officially and implicitly sanctioned adulation.

Note: a helpful, more technical examination of the Greek words used for worship can be seen here and here, by God's grace.

Words for worship as found in the New Testament (note that the spelling of Greek words can vary somewhat in their English renderings)

Proskyneō/Proskuneō — a masculine noun meaning to prostrate, almost always in worship. It occurs 60 times, mainly for worship of God, but sometimes for false gods, including images and demonic incarnations, which is idolatry. (Acts 7:43; Rv 9:20; 13:4, 8, 12, 15; 14:9; 16:2)

It is used twice for obeisance before men, once in forbidding a pious man to do so, before Peter no less, (Act 10:25) and another in compelling false brethren to show obeisance before the feet of true brethren. (Rv. 3:9)

Furthermore it is used once in reproving John for trying to worship an angel of Christ, telling him to worship (proskyneō) God instead. (Rv. 22:8,9)

Thus this act of prostration normatively denotes worship, only once being clearly used for less than that, and worship is always the case when proskyneō is used as a volitional activity, or in the context of supernatural beings.

Nowhere is the act of believers bowing down to believers sanctioned, much less bowing down before a statue of them in prayer, praise and adulation, and ascribing to them attributes which are only ascribed to God. And which is blasphemous, and outside of worship of God this manner of prostration and ascription is only seen in pagan worship, which is idolatry.

Proskunētēs — a masculine noun, which occurs just once (John 4:23) and describes those who worship God. Therefore latreia is not the only word that uniquely means worship, contrary to what many Catholics argue.

Sebō/Sebomai — A verb which occurs 10 times, denoting worship of God as well as false gods, and to describe devout persons.

Sebazomai. A verb occurring once (Rm. 1:25) in describing those who worshiped and served false gods.

Latreuō — Verb, denotes service of worship. It occurs 21 times, mostly as "serve" in describing the activity of worship of God, and twice for service to false gods. (Acts 7:42; Rm. 1:25: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshiped [sebazomai (G4573)] and served [latreuō (G1391)] the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

It is never used for service to man, and is what we see Catholics giving to the Mary of Catholicism, to whom they ascribe Divine attributes and functions, and dedicate themselves.

Latreia — From latreuō; service of worship. Occurs 5 times as denoting service toward God, not any created being, yet it is corespondent to the dedicatory service of Catholics to their Mary.

Eusebeō — An adjective, to be pious, devout, used only for worshipers

Eusebēs — Verb. Reverent, that is, pious: used as towards diety or parents

Proskyneō/Proskuneō (Strong's G4352) From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore): - worship. (Strongs)

[Mat 2:2, 8, 11 KJV] 2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship[G4352] him. ... 8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found [him], bring me word again, that I may come and worship[G4352] him also. ... 11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped[G4352] him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.

[Mat 4:9-10 KJV] 9 And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship[G4352] me. 10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship[G4352] the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

[Mat 8:2 KJV] 2 And, behold, there came a leper and worshipped[G4352] him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

[Mat 9:18 KJV] 18 While he spake these things unto them, behold, there came a certain ruler, and worshipped[G4352] him, saying, My daughter is even now dead: but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.

[Mat 14:33 KJV] 33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped[G4352] him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God.

[Mat 15:25 KJV] 25 Then came she and worshipped[G4352] him, saying, Lord, help me.

[Mat 18:26 KJV] 26 The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped[G4352] him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all.

[Mat 20:20 KJV] 20 Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping[G4352] [him], and desiring a certain thing of him.

[Mat 28:9, 17 KJV] 9 And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped[G4352] him. ... 17 And when they saw him, they worshipped[G4352] him: but some doubted.

[Mar 5:6 KJV] 6 But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped[G4352] him,

[Mar 15:19 KJV] 19 And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees worshipped[G4352] him.

[Luk 4:7-8 KJV] 7 If thou therefore wilt worship[G4352] me, all shall be thine. 8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship[G4352] the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

[Luk 24:52 KJV] 52 And they worshipped[G4352] him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy:

[Jhn 4:20-24 KJV] 20 Our fathers worshipped[G4352] in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship[G4352]. 21 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship[G4352] the Father. 22 Ye worship[G4352] ye know not what: we know what we worship[G4352]: for salvation is of the Jews. 23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers[proskunētēs (G4353)] shall worship[G4352] the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship[G4352] him. 24 God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship[G4352] him must worship[G4352] [him] in spirit and in truth.

[Jhn 9:38 KJV] 38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped[G4352] him.

[Jhn 12:20 KJV] 20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship[G4352] at the feast:

[Act 7:43 KJV] 43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship[G4352] them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

[Act 8:27 KJV] 27 And he arose and went: and, behold, a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of great authority under Candace queen of the Ethiopians, who had the charge of all her treasure, and had come to Jerusalem for to worship[G4352],

[Act 10:25 KJV] 25 And as Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him, and fell down at his feet, and worshipped[G4352] [him].

[Act 24:11 KJV] 11 Because that thou mayest understand, that there are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem for to worship[G4352].

[1Co 14:25 KJV] 25 And thus are the secrets of his heart made manifest; and so falling down on [his] face he will worship[G4352] God, and report that God is in you of a truth.

[Heb 1:6 KJV] 6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship[G4352] him.

[Heb 11:21 KJV] 21 By faith Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped[G4352] , [leaning] upon the top of his staff.

[Rev 3:9 KJV] 9 Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship[G4352] before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.

[Rev 4:10 KJV] 10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship[G4352] him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,

[Rev 5:14 KJV] 14 And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped[G4352] him that liveth for ever and ever.

[Rev 7:11 KJV] 11 And all the angels stood round about the throne, and [about] the elders and the four beasts, and fell before the throne on their faces, and worshipped[G4352] God,

[Rev 9:20 KJV] 20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship[G4352] devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:

[Rev 11:1, 16 KJV] 1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship[G4352] therein. ... 16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped[G4352] God,

[Rev 13:4, 8, 12, 15 KJV] 4 And they worshipped[G4352] the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped[G4352] the beast, saying, Who [is] like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? ... 8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship[G4352] him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world. ... 12 And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship[G4352] the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed. ... 15 And he had power to give life unto the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak, and cause that as many as would not worship[G4352] the image of the beast should be killed.

[Rev 14:7, 9, 11 KJV] 7 Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship[G4352] him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. ... 9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship[G4352] the beast and his image, and receive [his] mark in his forehead, or in his hand, ... 11 And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship[G4352] the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name.

[Rev 15:4 KJV] 4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship[G4352] before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

[Rev 16:2 KJV] 2 And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and [upon] them which worshipped[G4352] his image.

[Rev 19:4, 10 KJV] 4 And the four and twenty elders and the four beasts fell down and worshipped[G4352] God that sat on the throne, saying, Amen; Alleluia. ... 10 And I fell at his feet to worship[G4352] him. And he said unto me, See [thou do it] not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship[G4352] God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

[Rev 19:20 KJV] 20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped[G4352] his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

[Rev 20:4 KJV] 4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and [I saw] the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped[G4352] the beast, neither his image, neither had received [his] mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

[Rev 22:8-9 KJV] 8 And I John saw these things, and heard [them]. And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship[G4352] before the feet of the angel which shewed me these things. 9 Then saith he unto me, See [thou do it] not: for I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren the prophets, and of them which keep the sayings of this book: worship[G4352] God. TOC^

Proskunētēs (G4353) From G4352; an adorer, a worshipper. (Strongs)

John 4:23 But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers[proskunētēs (G4353)] shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. TOC^

Sebō/Sebomai (G4576). Middle voice of an apparently primary verb; to revere, that is, adore: - devout, religious, worship. (Strongs) It is a verb used for worshiping God and once for false gods. It is not used for activity toward man.

[Mat 15:9 KJV] But in vain they do worship[G4576] me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.

[Mar 7:7 KJV] Howbeit in vain do they worship[G4576] me, teaching [for] doctrines the commandments of men.

[Act 13:43 KJV] Now when the congregation was broken up, many of the Jews and religious[G4576] proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.

[Act 13:50 KJV] But the Jews stirred up the devout[G4576] and honourable women, and the chief men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts.

[Act 16:14 KJV] And a certain woman named Lydia, a seller of purple, of the city of Thyatira, which worshipped[G4576] God, heard [us]: whose heart the Lord opened, that she attended unto the things which were spoken of Paul.

[Act 17:4 KJV] And some of them believed, and consorted with Paul and Silas; and of the devout[G4576] Greeks a great multitude, and of the chief women not a few.

[Act 17:17 KJV] Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and with the devout persons,[G4576] and in the market daily with them that met with him.

[Act 18:7 KJV] And he departed thence, and entered into a certain [man's] house, named Justus, [one] that worshipped[G4576] God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue.

[Act 18:13 KJV] Saying, This [fellow] persuadeth men to worship[G4576] God contrary to the law.

[Act 19:27 KJV] So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth.[G4576] TOC^

Sebazomai (G4573) A verb that occurs once (Rm. 1:25) in describing those who worshiped and served[latreuō (G1391)] false gods. It is not used for veneration of man.

[Rom 1:25 KJV] Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped[sebazomai (G4573)] and served[latreuō (G1391)] the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. TOC^

Sebasma (G4574). that occurs twice, "From G4573; something adored, that is, an object of worship (god, altar, etc.): - devotion, that is worshiped." (Strongs)

For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions [sebasma], I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship [eusebeō], him declare I unto you. (Acts 17:23)

Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshiped [sebasma]; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God. (2 Thessalonians 2:4)

Latreuō (G3000): A verb, from latris (a hired menial); to minister in religious homage. It occurs 21 times, describing the activity of worship of God, , to worship in ministering to God, and twice for service to false gods. (Acts 7:42; Rm. 1:25) It is not used for service to man in the NT.

[Mat 4:10 KJV] Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.[G3000]

[Luk 1:74 KJV] That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve[G3000] him without fear,

[Luk 2:37 KJV] And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served[G3000] [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.

[Luk 4:8 KJV] And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.[G3000]

[Act 7:7 KJV] And the nation to whom they shall be in bondage will I judge, said God: and after that shall they come forth, and serve[G3000] me in this place.

[Act 7:42 KJV] Then God turned, and gave them up to worship[G3000] the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to me slain beasts and sacrifices [by the space of] forty years in the wilderness?

[Act 24:14 KJV] But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I[G3000] the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:

[Act 26:7 KJV] Unto which [promise] our twelve tribes, instantly serving[G3000] [God] day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.

[Act 27:23 KJV] For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,[G3000]

[Rom 1:9 KJV] For God is my witness, whom I serve[G3000] with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;

[Rom 1:25 KJV] Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped[sebazomai (G4573)] and served[G3000] the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.

[Phl 3:3 KJV] For we are the circumcision, which worship[G3000] God in the spirit, and rejoice in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh.

[2Ti 1:3 KJV] I thank God, whom I serve[G3000] from [my] forefathers with pure conscience, that without ceasing I have remembrance of thee in my prayers night and day;

[Heb 8:5 KJV] Who serve[G3000] unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, [that] thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

[Heb 9:9 KJV] Which [was] a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service[G3000] perfect, as pertaining to the conscience;

[Heb 9:14 KJV] How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve[G3000] the living God?

[Heb 10:2 KJV] For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers[G3000] once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

[Heb 12:28 KJV] Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve[G3000] God acceptably with reverence and godly fear:

[Heb 13:10 KJV] We have an altar, whereof they have no right to eat which serve[G3000] the tabernacle.

[Rev 7:15 KJV] Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve[G3000] him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.

[Rev 22:3 KJV] And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and his servants shall serve[G3000] him. TOC^

Latreia (G2999) A feminine noun from G3000, occurring 5 times, denoting worship in ministering to God.

[Jhn 16:2 KJV] They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.[G2999]

[Rom 9:4 KJV] Who are Israelites; to whom [pertaineth] the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service[G2999] [of God], and the promises;

[Rom 12:1 KJV] I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, [which is] your reasonable service.[G2999]

[Heb 9:1 KJV] Then verily the first [covenant] had also ordinances of divine service,[G2999] and a worldly sanctuary.

[Heb 9:6 KJV] Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service[G2999] [of God]. TOC^

Eusebeō (G2152) a adjective, to be pious, devout, used only for worshipers

Act 10:2 A devout[G2152] man, and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.

Act 10:7 And when the angel which spake unto Cornelius was departed, he called two of his household servants, and a devout[G2152] soldier of them that waited on him continually;

Act 22:12 And one Ananias, a devout[G2152] man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt

2Pe 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly[G2152] out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: TOC^

Eusebēs (G2151) Verb. "From G2095 and G4576; well reverent, that is, pious: - devout, godly." (Strong's)

[Act 17:23 KJV] For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship,[G2151] him declare I unto you.

[1Ti 5:4 KJV] But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety[G2151] at home, and to requite their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God. TOC^

Praise (G134)

Aineō, a verb, "from G136; to praise (God): - praise." (Strongs). This word occurs 9 times and always as praising God in a corporate or continuous sense:

Luk. 2:13, Luk. 2:20, Luk. 24:53, Act. 2:47, Act. 3:8-9 (2) Luk. 19:37, Rom. 15:11, Rev. 19:5 TOC^

Ainos, (G136) a masculine noun. "Properly a story, but used in the sense of G1868; praise (of God): - praise." (Strongs). This word occurs 2 times and always as praising God:

Mat. 21:16, Luk. 18:43 TOC^

Epainos (G1868) masculine noun denoting approbation, commendation, praise, of God as well as of men or things. But not in regards to created beings being bowed or prostrated to in adulation and praise and prayed to as an unseen being having supernatural abilities in the heavenly realm.

Total KJV Occurrences: 11

praise, 11

Rom. 2:29, Rom. 13:3, 1Co. 4:5, 2Co. 8:18, Eph. 1:6, Eph. 1:12, Eph. 1:14, Phi. 1:11, Phi. 4:8, 1Pe. 1:7, 1Pe. 2:14 TOC^

Epaineō (G1867) a verb. "From G1909 and G134; to applaud: - commend, laud, praise." (Strongs) Mostly of men, and once along with aineō of God. (Rom. 15:11) But not in regards to created beings being bowed or prostrated to in adulation and praise and prayed to as an unseen being having supernatural abilities in the heavenly realm.

Total KJV Occurrences: 6

praise, 4: 1Co. 11:2, 1Co. 11:17, 1Co. 11:22 (2)

commended, 1: Luk. 16:8

laud, 1: Rom. 15:11 TOC^

Ainesis (G133) "From G134; a praising (the act), that is, (specifically) a thank (offering): - praise." " (Strongs) Occurs once, and is toward God. (Heb. 13:15) TOC^

Doxa (G1391) a feminine noun occurring 168 times in the KJV toward God or man or things as giving or having glory, honour, praise, dignity and once for worship of man in the sense of honor of position. But not in regards to created beings being bowed or prostrated to in adulation and praise and prayed to as unseen beings having supernatural abilities in the heavenly realm, including the ability to hear corporate, even mental prayer in Heaven from those on earth.

glory, 145

Mat. 4:8, Mat. 6:13, Mat. 6:29, Mat. 19:27-28 (2), Mat. 25:30-31 (3), Mar. 8:38, Mar. 10:37, Mar. 13:26, Luk. 2:9, Luk. 2:14, Luk. 2:32, Luk. 4:6, Luk. 9:26, Luk. 9:31-32 (2), Luk. 12:27, Luk. 17:18, Luk. 19:38, Luk. 21:27, Luk. 24:26, Joh. 1:14 (2), Joh. 2:11, Joh. 7:18 (2), Joh. 8:50, Joh. 11:4, Joh. 12:40-41 (2), Joh. 17:5, Joh. 17:22, Joh. 17:24, Act. 7:2, Act. 7:55, Act. 12:23, Act. 22:11, Rom. 1:23, Rom. 2:7, Rom. 2:10, Rom. 3:7, Rom. 3:23, Rom. 4:20, Rom. 5:2, Rom. 6:4, Rom. 8:18, Rom. 9:4, Rom. 9:23 (2), Rom. 11:36, Rom. 15:7, Rom. 16:27, 1Co. 2:7-8 (2), 1Co. 10:31, 1Co. 11:7 (2), 1Co. 11:15, 1Co. 15:40-41 (6), 1Co. 15:43, 2Co. 1:20, 2Co. 3:7 (2), 2Co. 3:9-10 (3), 2Co. 3:18 (3), 2Co. 4:6, 2Co. 4:15, 2Co. 4:17, 2Co. 8:19, 2Co. 8:23, Eph. 1:5-6 (2), Eph. 1:12, Eph. 1:14, Eph. 1:17-18 (2), Eph. 3:13, Eph. 3:16, Eph. 3:21, Phi. 2:11 (2), Phi. 4:19-20 (3), Col. 1:27 (2), Col. 3:4, 1Th. 2:6, 1Th. 2:12, 1Th. 2:20, 2Th. 1:9, 2Th. 2:14, 1Ti. 1:17, 1Ti. 3:16, 2Ti. 2:10, 2Ti. 4:18, Heb. 1:3, Heb. 2:7, Heb. 2:9-10 (2), Heb. 3:3, Heb. 9:5, Heb. 13:21, Jam. 2:1, 1Pe. 1:7, 1Pe. 1:11, 1Pe. 1:21, 1Pe. 1:24, 1Pe. 4:13-14 (2), 1Pe. 5:1, 1Pe. 5:4, 1Pe. 5:10-11 (2), 2Pe. 1:3, 2Pe. 3:17-18 (3), Jud. 1:24-25 (2), Rev. 1:6, Rev. 4:9, Rev. 5:11-13 (3), Rev. 11:12-13 (2), Rev. 16:7-9 (3), Rev. 19:1 (2), Rev. 21:26

glorious, 10

Rom. 8:21, 2Co. 3:7-8 (2), 2Co. 3:11 (2), 2Co. 4:4, Phi. 3:21, Col. 1:11, 1Ti. 1:11, Tit. 2:13

honour, 6

Joh. 5:41, Joh. 5:44 (2), Joh. 8:54, 2Co. 6:8, Rev. 19:7

praise, 4

Joh. 9:24, Joh. 12:43 (2), 1Pe. 4:11

dignities, 2

2Pe. 2:10, Jud. 1:8

worship, 1

Luk. 14:10 TOC^

Words for worship as found in the Old Testament, as found here. The focus is on words used primarily for worship, and except for one (tôwdâh), I will not provide all the text for all words due to time and numerous occurrence of them, but which should be viewable by mouse over pop up. I will list all the references I have found for all in the E-sword KJV concordance, with Strong's number and definition. Words are linked to corresponding pages on blueletterbible.org, by the grace of God.

TÔWDÂH [H8426; feminine noun], to-daw'; from H3034; properly, an extension of the hand, i.e. (by implication) avowal, or (usually) adoration; specifically, a choir of worshippers:—confession, (sacrifice of) praise, thanks(-giving, offering).

[This word is only used in worship of God, including in confession, sacrifices and offerings made to Him, which in Scripture is only given to one Heavenly being, God, while Catholics engage in making offerings and sacrifices to their fabricated Mary, and prayer in seeking to be made pleasing in her sight.]

Total KJV Occurrences: 32

thanksgiving, 17

Lev. 7:12-13 (3), Lev. 7:15, Lev. 22:29, Psalm 26:7, Psalm 50:14, Psalm 69:30, Psalm 95:2, Psalm 100:4, Psalm 107:22, Psalm 116:17, Psalm 147:7, Isa. 51:3, Jer. 30:19, Amo. 4:5, Jon. 2:9

praise, 5

Psalm 42:4, Psalm 50:23, Psalm 100:1, Jer. 17:26, Jer. 33:11

thank, 3

2Chron. 29:31 (2), 2Chron. 33:16

thanks, 3

Neh. 12:31, Neh. 12:38, Neh. 12:40

confession, 2

Jos. 7:19, Ezr. 10:11

praises, 1

Psalm 56:11-12 (2)

thanksgivings, 1

Neh. 12:27

Leviticus 7:12-13, 15 KJV - [12] If he offer it for a thanksgiving[H8426], then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mingled with oil, of fine flour, fried. [13] Besides the cakes, he shall offer [for] his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings. ... [15] And the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving[H8426] shall be eaten the same day that it is offered; he shall not leave any of it until the morning.

Leviticus 22:29 KJV - [29] And when ye will offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving[H8426] unto the LORD, offer [it] at your own will.

Joshua 7:19 KJV - [19] And Joshua said unto Achan, My son, give, I pray thee, glory to the LORD God of Israel, and make confession[H8426] unto him; and tell me now what thou hast done; hide [it] not from me.

2 Chronicles 29:31 KJV - [31] Then Hezekiah answered and said, Now ye have consecrated yourselves unto the LORD, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of the LORD. And the congregation brought in sacrifices and thank offerings[H8426]; and as many as were of a free heart burnt offerings.

2 Chronicles 33:16 KJV - [16] And he repaired the altar of the LORD, and sacrificed thereon peace offerings and thank offerings[H8426], and commanded Judah to serve the LORD God of Israel.

Ezra 10:11 KJV - [11] Now therefore make confession[H8426] unto the LORD God of your fathers, and do his pleasure: and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and from the strange wives.

Nehemiah 12:27, 31, 38, 40 KJV - [27] And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings[H8426], and with singing, [with] cymbals, psalteries, and with harps. ... [31] Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great [companies of them that gave] thanks[H8426], [whereof one] went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate: ... [38] And the other [company of them that gave] thanks[H8426] went over against [them], and I after them, and the half of the people upon the wall, from beyond the tower of the furnaces even unto the broad wall; ... [40] So stood the two [companies of them that gave] thanks[H8426] in the house of God, and I, and the half of the rulers with me:

Psalm 26:7 KJV - [7] That I may publish with the voice of thanksgiving[H8426] and tell of all thy wondrous works.

Psalm 42:4 KJV - [4] When I remember these [things], I pour out my soul in me: for I had gone with the multitude, I went with them to the house of God, with the voice of joy and praise[H8426], with a multitude that kept holyday.

Psalm 50:14, 23 KJV - [14] Offer unto God thanksgiving[H8426]; and pay thy vows unto the most High: ... [23] Whoso offereth praise[H8426] glorifieth me: and to him that ordereth [his] conversation [aright] will I shew the salvation of God.

Psalm 56:12 KJV - [12] Thy vows [are] upon me, O God: I will render praises[H8426] unto thee.

Psalm 69:30 KJV - [30] I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving[H8426].

Psalm 95:2 KJV - [2] Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving[H8426], and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms.

Psalm 100:1, 4 KJV - [1] [[A Psalm of praise[H8426].]] Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. ... [4] Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, [and] into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, [and] bless his name.

Psalm 107:22 KJV - [22] And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving[H8426], and declare his works with rejoicing.

Psalm 116:17 KJV - [17] I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving[H8426], and will call upon the name of the LORD.

Psalm 147:7 KJV - [7] Sing unto the LORD with thanksgiving[H8426]; sing praise upon the harp unto our God:

Isaiah 51:3 KJV - [3] For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving[H8426], and the voice of melody.

Jeremiah 17:26 KJV - [26] And they shall come from the cities of Judah, and from the places about Jerusalem, and from the land of Benjamin, and from the plain, and from the mountains, and from the south, bringing burnt offerings, and sacrifices, and meat offerings, and incense, and bringing sacrifices of praise[H8426], unto the house of the LORD.

Jeremiah 30:19 KJV - [19] And out of them shall proceed thanksgiving[H8426] and the voice of them that make merry: and I will multiply them, and they shall not be few; I will also glorify them, and they shall not be small.

Jeremiah 33:11 KJV - [11] The voice of joy, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, Praise the LORD of hosts: for the LORD [is] good; for his mercy [endureth] for ever: [and] of them that shall bring the sacrifice of praise[H8426] into the house of the LORD. For I will cause to return the captivity of the land, as at the first, saith the LORD.

Amos 4:5 KJV - [5] And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving[H8426] with leaven, and proclaim [and] publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.

Jonah 2:9 KJV - [9] But I will sacrifice unto thee with the voice of thanksgiving[H8426]; I will pay [that] that I have vowed. Salvation [is] of the LORD. TOC^

TᵉHILLÂH [H8416; feminine noun], from H1984; laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn:—praise [almost always in worship of God, but also used for praise of places (Jer 48:2) and possibly of people (Zep. 3:20)].


Total KJV Occurrences: 57

praise, 52

Deu. 10:21, Deu. 26:19, 1Chron. 16:35, 2Chron. 20:22, Neh. 9:5, Neh. 12:46, Psalm 9:14, Psalm 22:25, Psalm 34:1 (2), Psalm 35:28, Psalm 40:3, Psalm 48:10, Psalm 51:15, Psalm 66:1-2 (2), Psalm 66:8, Psalm 71:6, Psalm 71:8, Psalm 71:14, Psalm 79:13, Psalm 100:4, Psalm 102:21, Psalm 106:2, Psalm 106:12, Psalm 106:47, Psalm 109:1, Psalm 111:10, Psalm 119:171, Psalm 145:1, Psalm 145:21, Psalm 147:1, Psalm 148:14, Psalm 149:1, Isa. 42:8, Isa. 42:10, Isa. 42:12, Isa. 43:21, Isa. 48:9, Isa. 60:18, Isa. 61:3, Isa. 61:11, Isa. 62:7, Jer. 13:11, Jer. 17:14, Jer. 33:9, Jer. 48:2, Jer. 49:25, Jer. 51:41, Hab. 3:3, Zep. 3:19-20 (2)

praises, 5

Exo. 15:11, Psalm 78:3-4 (2), Isa. 63:6-7 (2)

BÂRAK [H1288; verb], a primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason):—× abundantly, × altogether, × at all, blaspheme, bless, congratulate, curse, × greatly, × indeed, kneel (down), praise, salute, × still, thank.


Total KJV Occurrences: 324

blessed, 176

Gen. 1:22, Gen. 1:28, Gen. 2:3, Gen. 5:2, Gen. 9:1, Gen. 9:26, Gen. 12:3, Gen. 17:19-20 (4), Gen. 22:18 (2), Gen. 24:1, Gen. 24:27, Gen. 24:31, Gen. 24:35, Gen. 24:48, Gen. 24:60, Gen. 25:11, Gen. 26:4, Gen. 26:12, Gen. 26:29, Gen. 27:23, Gen. 27:27 (2), Gen. 27:29, Gen. 27:33 (2), Gen. 27:41, Gen. 28:1, Gen. 28:6 (2), Gen. 28:14, Gen. 30:27, Gen. 30:30, Gen. 31:55, Gen. 32:29, Gen. 35:9, Gen. 39:5, Gen. 47:7, Gen. 47:10, Gen. 48:3, Gen. 48:15, Gen. 48:20, Gen. 49:28 (2), Exo. 20:10-11 (2), Exo. 39:43, Lev. 9:22-23 (2), Num. 22:6, Num. 22:12, Num. 23:11, Num. 23:20, Num. 24:9-10 (2), Deu. 2:7, Deu. 7:14, Deu. 12:7, Deu. 14:24, Deu. 15:14, Deu. 16:10, Deu. 28:3-6 (6), Deu. 33:1, Deu. 33:13, Deu. 33:20, Deu. 33:24, Jos. 17:13-14 (2), Jos. 22:6-7 (2), Jos. 22:33, Jos. 24:10, Jdg. 13:24 (3), Jdg. 17:2, Rth. 2:19-20 (2), Rth. 3:10, Rth. 4:14, 1Sa. 2:20, 1Sa. 15:13, 1Sa. 23:21, 1Sa. 25:32-33 (3), 1Sa. 25:39, 1Sa. 26:25, 2Sa. 2:5, 2Sa. 6:11-12 (2), 2Sa. 6:18, 2Sa. 7:29, 2Sa. 13:25, 2Sa. 18:28, 2Sa. 19:39, 2Sa. 22:47, 1Ki. 1:48, 1Ki. 2:45, 1Ki. 5:7, 1Ki. 8:14-15 (2), 1Ki. 8:55-56 (2), 1Ki. 8:66, 1Ki. 10:9, 1Chron. 13:14, 1Chron. 16:2, 1Chron. 16:36, 1Chron. 17:27, 1Chron. 26:5, 1Chron. 29:10 (2), 1Chron. 29:20, 2Chron. 2:12, 2Chron. 6:3-4 (2), 2Chron. 9:8, 2Chron. 30:26-27 (2), 2Chron. 31:8, 2Chron. 31:10, Ezr. 7:27, Neh. 8:6, Neh. 9:5, Neh. 11:2, Job. 1:10, Job. 1:21, Job. 31:20, Job. 42:12, Psalm 18:46, Psalm 28:6, Psalm 37:21-22 (2), Psalm 41:13, Psalm 45:2, Psalm 49:18, Psalm 66:20, Psalm 68:19, Psalm 68:35, Psalm 72:17-19 (3), Psalm 89:52, Psalm 106:48, Psalm 113:2 (2), Psalm 115:15, Psalm 118:26 (2), Psalm 119:12, Psalm 124:6, Psalm 128:4, Psalm 135:21, Psalm 144:1, Psalm 147:13, Proverbs 5:18, Proverbs 20:21, Proverbs 22:9, Isa. 19:25, Isa. 51:2, Isa. 61:9, Isa. 65:23, Isa. 66:3, Jer. 17:7, Jer. 20:14, Eze. 3:12, Zec. 11:5

bless, 116

Gen. 12:2-3 (3), Gen. 22:16-17 (3), Gen. 26:3, Gen. 26:24, Gen. 27:4, Gen. 27:7, Gen. 27:10, Gen. 27:19, Gen. 27:25, Gen. 27:31, Gen. 27:34, Gen. 27:38, Gen. 28:3, Gen. 32:26, Gen. 48:9, Gen. 48:16, Gen. 48:20, Gen. 49:25, Exo. 12:32, Exo. 23:24-25 (2), Num. 6:23-24 (2), Num. 6:27, Num. 23:20, Num. 23:25, Num. 24:1, Deu. 1:11, Deu. 7:13 (2), Deu. 8:10, Deu. 10:8, Deu. 14:29, Deu. 15:4, Deu. 15:10, Deu. 15:18, Deu. 16:15, Deu. 21:5, Deu. 23:20, Deu. 24:13, Deu. 24:19, Deu. 26:15, Deu. 27:12, Deu. 28:8, Deu. 28:12, Deu. 29:19, Deu. 30:16, Deu. 33:11, Jos. 8:33, Jdg. 5:9, Rth. 2:4, 1Sa. 9:13, 2Sa. 6:20, 2Sa. 7:29, 2Sa. 8:10, 2Sa. 21:3, 1Ki. 1:47, 1Chron. 4:10, 1Chron. 16:43, 1Chron. 17:27, 1Chron. 23:13, 1Chron. 29:20, Neh. 9:5, Psalm 5:12, Psalm 16:7, Psalm 26:12, Psalm 28:9, Psalm 29:11, Psalm 34:1, Psalm 63:4 (2), Psalm 66:8, Psalm 67:1, Psalm 67:6-7 (2), Psalm 68:26, Psalm 96:2, Psalm 100:4, Psalm 103:1-2 (2), Psalm 103:20-22 (4), Psalm 104:1, Psalm 104:35, Psalm 109:28, Psalm 115:12-13 (4), Psalm 115:18, Psalm 128:5, Psalm 129:8, Psalm 132:15, Psalm 134:1-3 (3), Psalm 135:19-20 (4), Psalm 145:1-2 (2), Psalm 145:10, Psalm 145:21, Proverbs 30:11, Isa. 19:25, Isa. 65:16, Jer. 4:2, Jer. 31:23, Hag. 2:19

blesseth, 8

Gen. 27:29, Num. 24:9, Deu. 15:6, Psalm 10:3, Psalm 107:38, Proverbs 3:33, Proverbs 27:14, Isa. 65:16

salute, 4

1Sa. 13:10, 1Sa. 25:14, 2Ki. 4:29 (2)

blessest, 3

Num. 22:6, 1Chron. 17:27, Psalm 65:10

curse, 3

Job. 1:10-11 (2), Job. 2:5, Job. 2:9

blaspheme, 2

1Ki. 21:10, 1Ki. 21:13

kneel, 2

Gen. 24:11, Psalm 95:6

abundantly, 1

Psalm 132:15

blessing, 1

Gen. 22:17

congratulate, 1

1Chron. 18:10

cursed, 1

Job. 1:5

down, 1

Gen. 24:11

kneeled, 1

2Chron. 6:13

praise, 1

Jdg. 5:2

praised, 1

Psalm 72:15

saluted, 1

2Ki. 10:15

thanked, 1

2Sa. 14:22 TOC^

SHÂCHÂH [H7812; verb], shaw-khaw'; a primitive root; to depress, i.e. prostrate (especially reflexive, in homage to royalty or God):—bow (self) down, crouch, fall down (flat), humbly beseech, do (make) obeisance, do reverence, make to stoop, worship.

Which occurs 172 times in 166 verses in the Hebrew concordance of the KJV according to the site linked to, while the often less accurate count of the KJC concordance states,


Total KJV Occurrences: 193

worship, 54

Gen. 22:5, Exo. 24:1, Exo. 34:14, Deu. 8:19 (2), Deu. 11:16, Deu. 26:10, Deu. 30:17, Jos. 5:14, 1Sa. 1:3, 1Sa. 15:25, 1Sa. 15:30, 1Ki. 9:6, 2Ki. 5:18, 2Ki. 17:36, 2Ki. 18:22, 1Chron. 16:29, 2Chron. 7:19, 2Chron. 32:12, Psalm 5:7, Psalm 22:27, Psalm 22:29, Psalm 29:2, Psalm 45:11, Psalm 66:4, Psalm 86:9 (2), Psalm 95:6, Psalm 96:9, Psalm 97:7, Psalm 99:5, Psalm 99:9, Psalm 132:7, Psalm 138:2, Isa. 2:8, Isa. 2:20, Isa. 27:13, Isa. 36:7, Isa. 49:6-7 (2), Isa. 66:23, Jer. 7:2, Jer. 13:10, Jer. 25:6, Eze. 46:2-3 (3), Eze. 46:9, Mic. 5:13, Zep. 1:5 (2), Zep. 2:11, Zec. 14:16-17 (2)

worshipped, 39

Gen. 24:26, Gen. 24:48, Gen. 24:52, Exo. 4:31, Exo. 12:27, Exo. 32:8, Exo. 33:10, Exo. 34:8, Deu. 17:3, Deu. 29:26, Jdg. 7:15, 1Sa. 1:19, 1Sa. 1:28, 1Sa. 15:31, 2Sa. 12:20, 2Sa. 15:32, 1Ki. 9:9, 1Ki. 11:33, 1Ki. 16:31, 1Ki. 22:53, 2Ki. 17:16, 2Ki. 21:3, 2Ki. 21:21, 1Chron. 29:20, 2Chron. 7:3, 2Chron. 7:22, 2Chron. 29:28-30 (3), 2Chron. 33:3, Neh. 8:6, Neh. 9:3, Job. 1:20, Psalm 106:19, Jer. 1:16, Jer. 8:2, Jer. 16:11, Jer. 22:9, Eze. 8:16

bowed, 35

Gen. 18:2, Gen. 19:1, Gen. 23:7, Gen. 23:12, Gen. 33:3, Gen. 33:6-7 (3), Gen. 42:6, Gen. 43:26, Gen. 47:31, Gen. 48:12, Num. 25:2, Jos. 23:16, Jdg. 2:12, Jdg. 2:17, Rth. 2:10, 1Sa. 20:41, 1Sa. 24:8, 1Sa. 25:23, 1Sa. 25:41, 1Sa. 28:14, 2Sa. 9:8, 2Sa. 14:22, 2Sa. 14:33, 2Sa. 18:21, 2Sa. 24:20, 1Ki. 1:23, 1Ki. 1:47, 1Ki. 1:53, 1Ki. 2:19, 2Ki. 2:15, 2Ki. 4:37, 1Chron. 21:21, 2Chron. 25:14

down, 21

Gen. 23:12, Gen. 27:29 (2), Gen. 37:10, Gen. 42:6, Exo. 11:8 (2), Exo. 20:5, Exo. 23:24, Num. 25:1-2 (2), Deu. 5:9, Jdg. 2:19, 2Sa. 18:28, 2Ki. 5:18, 2Chron. 25:14, Psalm 72:11, Isa. 45:14, Isa. 51:23 (2), Isa. 60:14

bow, 17

Gen. 27:29 (2), Gen. 37:10, Exo. 11:8 (2), Exo. 20:5, Exo. 23:24, Lev. 26:1, Deu. 5:9, Jos. 23:7, Jdg. 2:19, 2Ki. 5:18 (2), 2Ki. 17:35, Isa. 51:23 (2), Isa. 60:14

obeisance, 9

Gen. 37:7, Gen. 37:9, Gen. 43:28, Exo. 18:7, 2Sa. 1:2, 2Sa. 15:4-5 (2), 1Ki. 1:16, 2Chron. 24:17

reverence, 4

2Sa. 9:6, 1Ki. 1:31, Est. 3:2, Est. 3:5

worshippeth, 3

Neh. 9:5-6 (2), Isa. 44:15, Isa. 44:17

worshipping, 3

2Ki. 19:37, 2Chron. 20:18, Isa. 37:38

fall, 2

Psalm 72:11, Isa. 45:14

fell, 2

Num. 22:31, 2Sa. 18:28

crouch, 1

1Sa. 2:36

humbly, 1

2Sa. 16:4

reverenced, 1

Est. 3:2

stoop, 1

Proverbs 12:25 TOC^

HÂLAL [H1984; verb] A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify: - (make) boast (self), celebrate, commend, (deal, make), fool (-ish, -ly), glory, give [light], be (make, feign self) mad (against), give in marriage, [sing, be worthy of] praise, rage, renowned, shine.

Total KJV Occurrences: 166 (from the E-sword KJV concordance).

praise, 92

1Chron. 23:4-5 (2), 1Chron. 23:30, 1Chron. 25:3, 1Chron. 29:13, 2Chron. 8:14, 2Chron. 20:19, 2Chron. 20:21, 2Chron. 23:13, 2Chron. 29:30, 2Chron. 31:2, Ezr. 3:10, Neh. 12:24,Psalm Ps. 22:22-23 (2), Ps. 22:26, Ps. 35:18, Ps. 56:4, Ps. 56:10 (2), Ps. 63:5, Ps. 69:30, Ps. 69:34, Ps. 74:21, Ps. 102:18, Ps. 104:35, Ps. 105:45, Ps. 106:1, Ps. 106:48, Ps. 107:32, Ps. 109:30, Ps. 113:1 (5), Ps. 113:9, Ps. 116:17-19 (3), Ps. 117:1-2 (2), Ps. 119:164, Ps. 119:175, Ps. 135:1 (3), Ps. 135:3, Ps. 135:21, Ps. 145:2, Ps. 146:1-2 (3), Ps. 146:10, Ps. 147:1, Ps. 147:12, Ps. 147:20, Ps. 148:1-5 (9), Ps. 148:7, Ps. 148:13-14 (2), Ps. 149:1, Ps. 149:3, Ps. 149:9, Ps. 150:1-6 (13), Proverbs 27:2, Proverbs 28:4, Proverbs 31:31, Isa. 62:9, Jer. 20:13, Jer. 31:7, Joel 2:26

praised, 19

Jdg. 16:24, 2Sa. 14:25, 2Sa. 22:4, 1Chron. 16:25, 1Chron. 16:36, 1Chron. 23:5, 2Chron. 5:13, 2Chron. 7:6, 2Chron. 30:21, Ezr. 3:11, Neh. 5:13, Ps. 18:3, Ps. 48:1, Ps. 96:4, Ps. 145:3 (2), Proverbs 31:30, Son. 6:9, Isa. 64:11

glory, 12

1Chron. 16:10, Ps. 63:11, Ps. 64:10, Ps. 105:3, Ps. 106:5, Isa. 41:16, Isa. 45:25, Jer. 4:2, Jer. 9:23-24 (4)

mad, 8

1Sa. 21:13, Ps. 102:8, Ecc. 2:2, Ecc. 7:7, Isa. 44:25, Jer. 25:16, Jer. 50:38, Jer. 51:7

boast, 6

1Ki. 20:11, Ps. 34:2, Ps. 44:8, Ps. 97:6-7 (2), Proverbs 27:1

praising, 4

2Chron. 5:13, 2Chron. 23:12, Ezr. 3:11, Ps. 84:4

boasteth, 3

Ps. 10:3, Proverbs 25:14 (2)

commended, 2

Gen. 12:14-15 (2), Proverbs 12:8

foolish, 2

Ps. 5:5, Ps. 73:3

fools, 2

Job. 12:17, Ps. 75:4

rage, 2

Jer. 46:9, Nah. 2:4

shined, 2

Job. 29:3, Job. 31:26

sing, 2

2Chron. 23:13, 2Chron. 29:30

boastest, 1

Ps. 52:1

celebrate, 1

Isa. 38:18

foolishly, 1

Ps. 75:4

gloriest, 1

Jer. 49:4 (2)

glorieth, 1

Jer. 9:24

marriage, 1

Ps. 78:63

praises, 1

2Chron. 29:30

praiseth, 1

Proverbs 31:28

renowned, 1

Eze. 26:17

shine, 1

Job. 41:17-18 (2) TOC^

YÂDÂH [H3034; verb], a primitive root; used only as denominative from H3027; literally, to use (i.e. hold out) the hand; physically, to throw (a stone, an arrow) at or away; especially to revere or worship (with extended hands); intensively, to bemoan (by wringing the hands):—cast (out), (make) confess(-ion), praise, shoot, (give) thank(-ful, -s, -sgiving).

Total KJV Occurrences: 114

praise, 52

Gen. 29:35, Gen. 49:8, 2Chron. 7:6, 2Chron. 20:21, Psalm 7:17, Psalm 9:1, Psalm 28:7, Psalm 30:9, Psalm 33:2, Psalm 42:5, Psalm 42:11, Psalm 43:4-5 (2), Psalm 44:8, Psalm 49:17-18 (2), Psalm 52:9, Psalm 54:6, Psalm 57:9, Psalm 67:3 (2), Psalm 67:5 (2), Psalm 71:22, Psalm 76:10, Psalm 86:12, Psalm 88:10, Psalm 89:5, Psalm 99:3, Psalm 107:8, Psalm 107:15, Psalm 107:21, Psalm 107:31, Psalm 108:3, Psalm 109:30, Psalm 111:1, Psalm 118:19, Psalm 118:21, Psalm 118:28, Psalm 119:7, Psalm 138:1-2 (2), Psalm 138:4, Psalm 139:14, Psalm 142:7, Psalm 145:10, Isa. 12:1, Isa. 12:4, Isa. 25:1, Isa. 38:18-19 (2), Jer. 33:11

thanks, 32

2Sa. 22:50, 1Chron. 16:8, 1Chron. 16:34-35 (2), 1Chron. 16:41, 1Chron. 25:3, 2Chron. 31:2, Ezr. 3:11, Neh. 12:24, Psalm 6:5, Psalm 18:49, Psalm 30:4, Psalm 30:12, Psalm 35:18, Psalm 75:1 (2), Psalm 79:13, Psalm 92:1, Psalm 97:12, Psalm 106:1 (2), Psalm 106:47, Psalm 118:1 (2), Psalm 118:29, Psalm 119:62, Psalm 122:4, Psalm 136:1-3 (3), Psalm 136:26, Psalm 140:13

confess, 11

Lev. 5:5, Lev. 16:21, Lev. 26:40, Num. 5:7, 1Ki. 8:33, 1Ki. 8:35, 2Chron. 6:24, 2Chron. 6:26, Neh. 1:6, Job. 40:14, Psalm 32:5

thank, 4

1Chron. 16:4, 1Chron. 16:7, 1Chron. 23:30, 1Chron. 29:13

confessed, 3

Neh. 9:1-3 (3)

cast, 2

Lam. 3:53, Zec. 1:21

confession, 2

2Chron. 30:22, Dan. 9:4

thanksgiving, 2

Neh. 11:17, Neh. 12:46

confesseth, 1

Proverbs 28:13

confessing, 1

Dan. 9:20

praised, 1

2Chron. 7:3

shoot, 1

Jer. 50:14

thankful, 1

Psalm 100:4

thanking, 1

2Chron. 5:13 TOC^

ZÂMAR [H2167; verb], zaw-mar'; a primitive root (perhaps identical with H2168 through the idea of striking with the fingers); properly, to touch the strings or parts of a musical instrument, i.e. play upon it; to make music, accompanied by the voice; hence to celebrate in song and music:—give praise, sing forth praises, psalms.


Total KJV Occurrences: 42 [45 in linked source]

sing, 36

Jdg. 5:3, 2Sa. 22:50, Psalm 27:6, Psalm 30:4, Psalm 30:12, Psalm 33:2, Psalm 47:6-7 (5), Psalm 57:9, Psalm 59:17, Psalm 61:8, Psalm 66:2, Psalm 68:4 (3), Psalm 68:32, Psalm 71:22-23 (2), Psalm 92:1, Psalm 98:4-5 (2), Psalm 101:1, Psalm 104:33, Psalm 135:2-3 (3), Psalm 138:1, Psalm 144:9, Psalm 146:2, Psalm 147:1, Psalm 147:7, Psalm 149:3, Isa. 12:5

praise, 4

Psalm 21:13, Psalm 57:7, Psalm 138:1 (2)

psalms, 2

1Chron. 16:9, Psalm 105:2 TOC^

SHÂBACH [H7623; verb], a primitive root; properly, to address in a loud tone, i.e. (specifically) loud; figuratively, to pacify (as if by words):—commend, glory, keep in, praise, still, triumph.


Total KJV Occurrences: 11

praise, 4

Psalm 63:3, Psalm 117:1, Psalm 145:4, Psalm 147:12

commended, 1

Ecc. 8:15

glory, 1

1Chron. 16:35

keepeth, 1

Proverbs 29:11

praised, 1

Ecc. 4:2

stillest, 1

Psalm 89:9

stilleth, 1

Psalm 65:7

triumph, 1

Psalm 106:47 TOC^


From this study of words we can see (by God's grace) that any assurance the Catholics are not engaging in worship in their "hyperdulia" of Mary, that they are not crossing the invisible line into "latreia" (service of worship) is plainly specious. For just as idolatrous souls were quite obviously engaging in worship described as proskyneo or latreuo or sebazomai, or Hebrew words used for worship, even if latreia or tôwdâh was not used to describe them, so also can Catholics.

While sometimes words for worship can be used in regards to obeisance toward men, yet as with the words for praise, they are never used in regards to created beings being bowed or prostrated to in adulation and praise and prayed to as unseen beings having supernatural abilities in the heavenly realm, including the ability to hear corporate, even mental prayer in Heaven from those on earth, and engaging in making sacrificial offerings to them. Much less before representative statues.

And which in Scripture constitutes worship, with such activity and ascriptions being unseen among believers toward anyone but God, and otherwise they belong to the pagan world. And thus by engaging in such towards Mary, it is evidenced that many Catholics are materially engaging in worship, or at the least blasphemy (if a difference can be made), albeit ignorantly.

In response some Catholics argue that one cannot engage in worship if that is not intended in the persons heart. However, this is not necessarily the case, for one can easily be unaware of what constitutes worship, including of money, and in any case one can deny they are engaging in such, even taking the mark of the Beast (Rv. 13) by denying it represents worship of him. And Scripturally idolaters are described as being such, not necessarily based upon their hearts, but as evidenced by their manner of (including Marian-like) dedicatory actions and ascriptions.

And in any case, Catholicism is guilty of disobeying the Scripture admonition “not to think of men above that which is written,” (1 Corinthians 4:6) not simply to prevent division, but because God knows the heart of men, and like as the Israelite ended up worshiping the bronze serpent which God used as an instrument of deliverance, (Num. 21:6-9; 2Kg. 18:4) so likewise do men do with mere mortals, as Catholics do with Mary, exalting her far far above what is written, and contrary to how God speaks of her in Scripture. In which no NT believer even bowing down to another in obeisance (except in washing feet) is ever sanctioned, let alone being given adulation and ascriptions that are nowhere given to men, by to God alone. TOC^